Assessment and Training of Student Learning Strategies
Final rept. Sep 1985-Apr 1986
TEXAS UNIV AT AUSTIN DEPT OF EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY
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This chapter focuses on a subarea of learning-to-learn phenomena called learning strategies. Learning strategies are considered to be any behaviors or thoughts that facilitate encoding in such a way that knowledge integration and retrieval are enhanced. These thoughts and behaviors constitute organized plans of action designed to achieve a goal. Examples of learning strategies include actively rehearsing, summarizing, paraphrasing, imaging, elaborating, and outlining. This report presents a categorical scheme for conceptualizing learning strategies. Next, some issues related to assessment and research methodologies are presented. Finally, approaches to teaching learning strategies are discussed. Keywords learning strategies, rehearsal, elaboration, organization, comprehensive monitoring, affective strategies, study skills, LASSI.