Accession Number:

ADA165905

Title:

Battle Analysis: Rapido River Crossing, Offensive, Deliberate Attack, River Crossing, January 1944

Descriptive Note:

Student paper

Corporate Author:

ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS COMBAT STUDIES INST

Report Date:

1984-05-01

Pagination or Media Count:

67.0

Abstract:

The crossing of the Rapido River in southern Italy and the assault on the German Gustav Line by General Mark Clarks 5th US Army was undertaken to prevent German forces from opposing VI Corps amphibious landing at Anzio. Both operations, the river crossing and attack and the amphibious landing at Anzio, were part of an Allied campaign to push the Germans out of the Italian peninsula and to seize Rome. To assist the amphibious operations at Anzio, General Clark sent Major General Fred L. Walkers 36th Texas Division across the Rapido. The 36th Division attacked across the river with two regiments abreast. They struck head-on into the strongly defended German Gustav Line overlooking the Rapido River from the north. After two assaults, the 36th Division was repulsed with extremely high casualties. The attempted crossing was one of the most bitter failures of the Allied forces during World War II, and it became the subject of a Congressional inquiry. This action clearly illustrates the immense difficulties of crossing a riverline which is integrated into the enemys main line of defense.

Subject Categories:

  • Humanities and History
  • Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE