Accession Number:

ADA165136

Title:

Structural Element Tests in Support of the Keyworker Blast Shelter Program

Descriptive Note:

Final rept.

Corporate Author:

ARMY ENGINEER WATERWAYS EXPERIMENT STATION VICKSBURG MS STRUCTURES LAB

Report Date:

1985-10-01

Pagination or Media Count:

327.0

Abstract:

At the initiation of this study, civil defense planning called for the evacuation of nonessential personnel to safe host areas during a time of crisis, and the construction of shelters to protect the keyworkers remaining behind. The investigation documented in this report will assist the US Army Engineer Division, Huntsville, in designing a 100-man keyworker blast shelter. Six static tests and twelve dynamic tests were conducted on approximately 14- scale models of blast shelters. Specific objectives of these tests were to evaluate the preliminary structural design, to investigate structural response in various backfills, to investigate and recommend minimum concrete strength requirements, to evaluate structural response calculations, and to develop a data base on repeated hits so that structural response computational procedures can be developed to include the effects of repeated hits. Test results indicate that the keyworker blast shelter design will resist a peak overpressure of 150 psi from a 1-MT nuclear weapon. Keywords Airblast simulation Box structures Nuclear explosion simulation Shallow-buried structures Soil-structure interaction Underground structures.

Subject Categories:

  • Structural Engineering and Building Technology

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE