Archaeological Investigations at 30 Historic Sites, Chief Joseph Dam Project, Washington.
Final technical rept. Aug 78-Oct 84,
WASHINGTON UNIV SEATTLE OFFICE OF PUBLIC ARCHAEOLOGY
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On-site examination, mapping and photographing was supplemented by archival research, informant interviews and study of historical documents. Two sites, 45-OK-182H Blackburn Homestead and 45-DO-202H Condon Ferry required subsurface investigation. Of particular interest were buildings, recognizable concentrations of objects such as refuse dumps, scatters and buried objects. When a Chinese coin was found at prehistoric site 45-DO-211, subsurface investigations were conducted in the historic component, designated 45-DO-210H. However, no definite evidence of Chinese influence was found. The 30 sites included five allotments, nine placer mines, 12 homesteads, three ferry crossings and a burial marker. Evidence indicates that the area was settled by homesteaders and miners in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century. The ferries and associated buildings that served the miners and homesteaders were installed during this same period. The last mine was abandoned during the 1950s and most homesteads by shortly after World War I. Improved roads and bridges made the ferries obsolete by 1930. Remnants of homesteads, mines, allotments and ferry landings suggest that, in general, these enterprises were modest.
- Humanities and History