Experimental Investigation of a Thrust Augmenting Ejector
NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA
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An ejector is basically a jet pump in which the kinetic energy of the jet is made to impart motion to the fluid surrounding it. During this process, in a well design system, the ejector as a whole experiences a thrust much higher than that of the jet alone. In principle, an ejector is nothing but a jet surrounded by a shroud. This investigation concerns the performance of a two- dimensional ejector with its primary jet excited by a novel method. A constant area duct was used in this experiment. The velocity of the jet at the exit was subsonic. Maximum thrust was obtained when the ejector to jet exit area ratio was about 35. Under this condition a thrust augmentation ratio of 1.65 was achieved, with the jet excited at 20 Hz, whereas without excitation it was only 1.40. The mixing characteristics of the jet under excitation was examined using flow visualization techniques. Smoke filaments illuminated by a sheet of powerful light and schlieren optics with the jet heated were used. Excitation of the jet was found to generate large vortex-like flow structures which might be responsible for enhanced mixing. These vortices extended to considerable distances on both sides of the jet.
- Fluid Mechanics
- Jet and Gas Turbine Engines