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Development of an Experimental Technique and Related Analyses to Study the Dynamic Tensile Failure of Concrete.

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Annual rept. 1 May 82-30 Apr 85,

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The objective of this research was to develop and demonstrate experimental and analytical techniques to study the tensile failure of concrete and geologic materials at strain rates of about 10 per second. A new experimental method was developed, a set of experiments was conducted, and the experiments were interpreted with numerical calculations. In the new experiments, a 5-cm-diameter rod is first loaded in static triaxial compression, then the axial pressure is released from each end simultaneously and very rapidly. The resulting relief waves interact in the center of the rod to produce a dynamic tensile stress equal in magnitude to the original static compression. Tensile failure occurs if the tensile stress exceeds the tensile strength for these conditions. The radial pressure is held approximately constant during the experiment. Several experiments of this type were performed on concrete. In every case the rod fractured near the midpoint in some cases a second fracture also occurred several centimeters from the midpoint. Transient measurements were made of the axial load at each end, the confining pressure, and axial and circumferential surface strains a several locations along the length of the rod. Each experiment was interpreted with a set of one-dimensional finite difference calculations, using an elastic-fracturing strain-softening representation for the material. By trial and error, material parameters were chosen for each experiment so that satisfactory agreement was obtained between the calculated strains and the measured strains. Keywords Brittle Microcracks Strain-rod Strain-softening Tension.

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  • Construction Equipment, Materials and Supplies
  • Solid State Physics

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