Accession Number:

ADA164158

Title:

Synthesis and Properties of Elevated Temperature P/M Aluminum Alloys.

Descriptive Note:

Final rept. 1 Oct 81-30 Sep 85,

Corporate Author:

NORTHWESTERN UNIV EVANSTON IL DEPT OF MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

1985-11-30

Pagination or Media Count:

114.0

Abstract:

The microstructure of the aluminum base-iron-cerium and iron-molybdenum-vanadium alloys, which were developed for use up to 316 degrees centigrade, is not stable at 425 degrees centigrade three-quarters of the absolute melting temperature of aluminum. Metastable dispersed phases are replaced by stable phases and particles of these coarsen rather rapidly with time. Creep loading accelerates these processes. Trialuminum-zirconium was predicted to be a preferable dispersed phase for strengthening aluminum for the 425 C temperature range because of good lattice matching with the aluminum matrix giving a low interfacial energy. This is true for the thermodynamically stable tetragonal phase but especially true for the metastable cubic phase. Dilute alloys were prepared by arc melting and these were aged to form precipitate dispersed phase. Substitution of vanadium for zirconium improved the lattice parameter matching for both cubic and tetragonal trialuminum-zirconium as well as increasing the stability of the cubic form. The coarsening rates of the particles at 425 C were 100 to 1000 times slower than for the aluminum-iron-cerium or molybdenum alloys, the aluminum-zirconium-vanadium alloy being better than the binary aluminum-zirconium alloy in this respect. These alloys are very promising as the basis for better high temperature aluminum alloys. Author

Subject Categories:

  • Properties of Metals and Alloys

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE