Accession Number:

ADA163695

Title:

Electromagnetic Pulse - The Fifth Factor in the Impact of a Nuclear Explosion,

Descriptive Note:

Corporate Author:

FOREIGN TECHNOLOGY DIV WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

1986-01-16

Pagination or Media Count:

33.0

Abstract:

Three ionization zones form during high-altitude nuclear explosions. 1 A short-lived ionization zone in the area of the nuclear explosion 2 Radioactive cloud hovering over the center of the explosion. The cloud consists of ionized volatile products from the explosion and lingers for several hours or even days 3 A large zone of increased ionization resulting from gamma and x-ray radiation as well as from neutrons. The zone forms at an altitude of 40 to 70 kilometers and remains for several days. Increased ionization zones have an impact on radio wave propagation and interfere with radio communication as well as the operation of radar stations. Radiation emitted from the increased ionization zone can have an impact on changing the parameters of elements in electronic devices, especially semiconductors. This can in turn interfere with the operation of other equipment, including radio stations, radars, and infrared telescopes, and can also damage this equipment. Translations, USSR, Russian Language

Subject Categories:

  • Nuclear Weapons

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE