Interpretive Overview of Cultural Resources in Saylorville Lake, Iowa. Volume 1,
SOUTHWEST MISSOURI STATE UNIV SPRINGFIELD CENTER FOR ARCHAEOLOGICAL RESEARCH
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The overview begins with reviews of the geological sequence, soils, climate and ecology of the Saylorville Lake area. Emphasis is placed on natural factors that affected human activities, and special attention is given to the reconstruction of landforms--the basis for cultural and site evaluations. In the next section the four dozen cultural archaeological investigations in the project area are reviewed in an annotated discussion. Here, the chronological relationships of past investigations are emphasized to show how cultural information has accumulated to the point where an overview is needed. Following this the overviews of prehistoric and historic cultural resources are presented. Benns overview of the prehistoric culture periods stresses chronology, synthesis of the artifact types with settlement patterns and ecology, and perceived biases in the data base. Rogers overview of the historic culture periods focuses on the current state of artifact collections and analyses, and on the potential avenues of research in the written and oral records. The last section of text evaluates the current site information--inherent biases, past and future site impacts, distributions and densities of sites on landforms. This and the cultural overview information is employed to create a list of research questions and evaluations of Study Units in the Resource Protection and Planning Process. Much of the hard data and sources for future research are detailed in the appendices.
- Humanities and History