Study of Transport Properties and Structure of Extended-Chain Polymers.
Final rept. 1 Oct 79-31 Mar 83,
VIRGINIA UNIV CHARLOTTESVILLE DEPT OF MATERIALS SCIENCE
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The broad objective of the work was to relate charge, heat, and mass transport in the Air Forces extended chain polymers especially poly-para-phenylene benzobisthiazole PBT to other electrical, thermal, mechanical nad microstructural properties of the polymers and also to compare these very unusual, highly anisotropic Air Force materials with other materials when it is scientifically relevant or when potential applications may be involved. Special techniques were developed for making transport-property determinations on samples in the form of thin fibers and small area films. Two types of miniature cells were developed in the study of PBT transport properties. A very promising area of the research relates to an anisotropic version of the Barker-Sharbaugh weak electrolyte model for ionic conduction in polymers. A new technique which has been termed the diffusion controlled-differential current DCDC method evolved from experiments related to the weak electrolyte model. This DCDC-technique looks promising as a new analytical tool. The results for PBT turned out to be especially interesting because the ratio of ionic conductivities parallel and perpendicular to the chain axis was very large 100,000 at 300 K and temperature dependent smaller ratio at a higher temperature. Special techniques for the thermal conductivity allowed the axial and perpendicular thermal conductivities to be determined.
- *TRANSPORT PROPERTIES
- VERTICAL ORIENTATION
- MASS TRANSFER
- THERMAL CONDUCTIVITY
- MOLECULAR STRUCTURE
- LOW STRENGTH
- IONIC CURRENT
- Atomic and Molecular Physics and Spectroscopy