A Theory-Based Approach to Reading Assessment in the Army
ARMY RESEARCH INST FOR THE BEHAVIORAL AND SOCIAL SCIENCES ALEXANDRIA VA
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This report addresses practical Army problems in reading assessment from a theory base that reflects the most recent and most sound research on reading comprehension. Six major conclusions are drawn from both theory and practice. First, reading is important in military and civilian work life. Second, reading assessment is a highly visible and important issue in the Army. Third, reading theories--especially the new-interactive-inferential theory--can positively influence reading measurement practices in the Army. Fourth, reading tests are not all alike they differ widely in terms of psychometric characteristics and overall quality as evaluated using theory-based standards. Fifth, high correlations exist between the Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery ASVAB and various reading tests, although caution needs to be exercised in using any part of the ASVB as a reading-test surrogate. Sixth, alternatives to grade equivalent scores are available and should be considered for Army use.