Accession Number:

ADA162416

Title:

Investigation of Sheath Phenomena in Electronegative Glow Discharges.

Descriptive Note:

Final rept. Jul 80-Sep 84,

Corporate Author:

AIR FORCE WRIGHT AERONAUTICAL LABS WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

1985-04-01

Pagination or Media Count:

230.0

Abstract:

Two different methods of analyzing the cathode fall region of low pressure glow discharges were developed and applied to three different electronegative gas mixtures. One method was based on a self-consistent numerical solution to Poissons equation, the current continuity equations for electrons and negative ions, and the current conservation equation. This method assumes the electrons are always in equilibrium with the electric field. The other method was based on a self-consistent numerical solution of the Boltzmann transport equation for electrons, Poissons equation, and the current conservation equation. This method allows the electrons not to be in equilibrium with the field. Comparing these two methods revealed that nonequilibrium prevails throughout the cathode fall region. The electronegative gas mixtures investigated were small concentrations less that 10 of hydrogen chloride in helium, argon, or xenon. The electric field, Townsend ionization and attachment coefficients, electron and negative ion current densities, and electron, positive ion, and negative ion number densities are plotted as functions of distance through the cathode fall region. Discharge current densities, cathode fall lengths, and voltages are compared to other theoretical and experimental data through a scaling relationship. The experimentally observed contraction of the cathode fall length in electronegative gases with helium as a buffer is described. This effect is not predicted for electronegative gas - argon or - xenon mixtures. The negative glow and anode fall are also briefly discussed.

Subject Categories:

  • Electricity and Magnetism

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE