Accession Number:

ADA160865

Title:

The Cultural Impact of US-Arab Military Relations

Descriptive Note:

Final rept.

Corporate Author:

NAVAL WAR COLL NEWPORT RI CENTER FOR ADVANCED RESEARCH

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

1981-06-24

Pagination or Media Count:

83.0

Abstract:

This study examines the potential cultural impact which US-Arab behavioral differences can have on military relations. US-Arab cultural differences are first explored through a detailed look at three major factors influencing Arab behavior group dynamics, the emotional impact of language and idealism. A case history of the Soviet Unions advisory mission in Egypt is depicted as a classic example of how the failure to deal effectively with the cultural aspects of a military program can lead to its failure. The impact of Arab cultural motivations on their own military forces are discussed using two examples considered to represent the opposite end of the military spectrum, Egypt and Saudi Arabia. The Egyptian and Saudi Arabian forces are shown in contrast through their differing approach to the military. The Egyptian army is depicted as a force for social change, and the Saudi military is described as a tribally oriented conservative organization dedicated to maintaining the status quo. Effective ways to deal with US-Arab cultural differences are discussed, and US advisory experience and training provide some useful insight in this area. Some suggestions are made for decision makers when dealing with the Arab military such as modifying the US problem solving technique. The direct approach method is analyzed against the indirect Arab approach. The influence of personality, language and patience is also explored.

Subject Categories:

  • Government and Political Science
  • Sociology and Law
  • Humanities and History
  • Linguistics
  • Psychology

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE