An Investigation Into Peer and Supervisor Differences in the Observation of Performance-Related Behaviors.
AIR FORCE INST OF TECH WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH
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The present study examined differences between peer and supervisors with respect to the observation of performance-related behaviors using the Instanteneous Report of Judgments IRJ technique. Undergraduate students and graduate teaching assistants served as peer and supervisor subjects respectively. All subjects viewed a videotape of an undergraduate giving a major classroom oral presentation. It was hypothesized that peer and supervisor subjects would differentially observe imbedded incidents due to their different role relationships to the presenter. The results indicated partial support for the hypothesis, with supervisor subjects observing significantly more critical incidents. An alternative interpretation for the results, that of rater expertise, is forwarded and discussed. Directions for future research in the area of cognitive processes and performance appraisal are discussed. Thesis.
- Humanities and History