Chemical Applications of Topology and Group Theory. 19. The Even Permutations of the Ligands in Five-Coordinate Complexes Viewed as Proper Rotations of the Regular Icosahedron.
GEORGIA UNIV ATHENS DEPT OF CHEMISTRY
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The 60 even permutations of the ligands in the five-coordinate complexes, ML5, form the alternating group A5, which is isomorphic with the icosahedral pure rotation group I. Using this idea, it is shown how a regular icosahedron can be used as a topological representation for isomerizations of the five-coordinate complexes, ML5, involving only even permutations if the five ligands L correspond either to the five nested octahedra with vertices located at the midpoints of the 30 edges of the icosahedron or to the five regular tetrahedra with vertices located at the midpoints of the 20 faces of the icosahedron. However, the 120 total permutations of the ligands in five-coordinate complexes ML5 cannot be analogously represented by operations in the full icosahedral point group lh, since lh is the direct product l x C2 whereas the symmetric group S5 is only the semi-direct product. In connection with previously used topological representations on isomerism in five coordinate complexes, it is noted that the automorphism groups of the Petersen graph and the Desargues-Levi graph are isomorphic to the symmetric group S5 and to the direct product S5 x S2, respectively. Applications to various fields of chemistry are briefly outlined.
- Organic Chemistry