Accession Number:

ADA160694

Title:

Calculation of Helicopter Airfoil Characteristics for High Tip-Speed Applications,

Descriptive Note:

Corporate Author:

ARMY RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGY LABS MOFFETT FIELD CA AEROMECHANICS LAB

Report Date:

1985-05-17

Pagination or Media Count:

16.0

Abstract:

In this paper, we have applied a new aerodynamic tool to the study of helicopter airfoil characteristics. We have shown that the computed airloads reproduce completely the experimental behavior of representative airfoils across the transonic regime. In addition, the computational details of the flow fields, the surface pressure distributions, and the viscous-layer characteristics enable us to trace the evolution of the physical changes that occur as m infinity or Re increases. Descriptions of the complicated development of shock waves, shock-induced separation supplement the information that has been obtained heretofore in wind tunnels. In validating our calculations and assessing the accuracy of the results, including extensive grid-refinement studies and comparisons with data from numerous wind tunnels, we have defined more precisely the capabilities and limitations of the code ARC2D. This important aspect of the investigations can complement wind-tunnel tests, by providing flow-field details that are difficult to measure and by extending the range of flow parameters beyond the capabilities of existing wind tunnels. The code has now progressed from a purely research stage to almost a production stage, where it can be run by specialists in the helicopter industry.

Subject Categories:

  • Helicopters
  • Fluid Mechanics

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE