A Microbiologic and Spectrophotometric Investigation of the Use of Paraformaldehyde Powder in the Sterilization of Gutta-Percha Cones.
AIR FORCE INST OF TECH WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH
Pagination or Media Count:
This investigation was undertaken to determine whether the use of paraformaldehyde powder for the sterile storage of gutta-percha cones is necessary, effective and safe. Gutta-percha cones from unopened manufacturers packages were found to be sterile and to possess no inherent antimicrobial properties. Paraformaldehyde powder placed within the storage container was ineffective in sterilization of cones contaminated by bacterial endospores. Such storage did prevent contamination of cones by air-borne agents, but storage in a covered glass container without paraformaldehyde was equally effective. Formaldehyde was found to be adsorbed onto the surface of cones exposed to formaldehyde vapors. No significant increase in the level of formaldehyde in the operatory air was detected as a result of this storage method. It is recommended that this method of sterile storage be discontinued and efforts be directed at the prevention of contamination of cones during transfer from storage and preparation for obturation.
- Hygiene and Sanitation
- Medical Facilities, Equipment and Supplies