Accession Number:

ADA160579

Title:

Effects of Inflow Conditions on Discrete Frequency Noise Generated by Small, Axial Flow Fans.

Descriptive Note:

Technical rept.,

Corporate Author:

PENNSYLVANIA STATE UNIV UNIVERSITY PARK APPLIED RESEARCH LAB

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

1985-09-01

Pagination or Media Count:

149.0

Abstract:

Discrete frequency acoustic radiation is generated by subsonic axial flow fans through both steady and unsteady blade loading. Steady loading is a function of pumping requirement, and unsteady loading is generated by spatially periodic inflow distortions. The latter effect is the dominant generation mechanism when small fans are used to cool electronic equipment. Fans mounted to exhaust out of a device ingest distortions created by all objects within the unit. This work represents an empirical survey of noise generated by small axial flow cooling fans in the presence of upstream obstructions and various inlet configurations. the obstructions include a cylinder, a thin rectangle, a thick rectangle, and an electronic card gate model. Each of these represents obstructions found in a typical installation. Simple and modified inlet baffles, finger guards, and honeycomb flow straighteners are investigated. Design recommendations are offered to minimize discrete tone generation. These include aerodynamic shaping of unaviodable obstructions, a minimum axial distance of 0.3 fan radii for obstructions in the inlet, the avoidance of blockage in lateral inflow and the use of an inlet baffle to smooth inlet distortions. Account is taken of the spatial restictions of typical installations.

Subject Categories:

  • Air Conditioning, Heating, Lighting and Ventilating
  • Acoustics

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE