Eye Movements and Spatial Pattern Vision.
Annual rept. 1 Feb 84-31 Jan 85,
EYE RESEARCH INST OF RETINA FOUNDATION BOSTON MA
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Low contrast, low spatial frequency luminance sawtooth patterns look like luminance staircases, with no brightness changes over the shallower luminance slope. Brightness measurements at corresponding points in different cycles of these patterns showed substantial illusory brightness differences. Other measurements showed that the illusion is not confined to strictly subthreshold luminance gradients, but occur with slightly suprathreshold gradients as well. In models which attempt to explain these illusions the visual system integrates over the thresholded gradient of the stimulus distribution. The integration encounters problems due to curl introduced by the nonlinear threshold operator. Brightness measurements indicated that these problems have a visual counterpart, further support for the models. Several new illusions were found to result from this nonlinear threshold for spatial gradient. Inconsistencies in the spatial integrals performed by the visual system result in multistable brightness perceptions for some patterns. Originator-supplied keywords Eye movements, Spatial pattern vision, Stabilized retinal images, Visual illusions, Brightness constancy, Color constancy.
- Anatomy and Physiology