Accession Number:

ADA160195

Title:

The Role of Elaborations in Learning a Skill from an Instructional Text: Further Findings.

Descriptive Note:

Technical rept. Aug 84-Jan 85,

Corporate Author:

CARNEGIE-MELLON UNIV PITTSBURGH PA DEPT OF PSYCHOLOGY

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

1985-08-28

Pagination or Media Count:

62.0

Abstract:

This paper examines the role of elaborations in learning a procedural skill viz. using a personal computer from and instructional text. Experiment 1 compared two sources of elaborations those provided by the author and those generated by learners while reading. In the latter condition, subjects were given advance information about the tasks they were to perform so that they would generate more specific, task-related elaborations while reading. Each source of elaborations facilitated skill performance. This result contrasts with past experiments testing declarative knowledge in which author-provided elaborations were found to hurt performance. In Experiment 2, the author-provided elaborations were classified into those illustrating the syntax of the operating system commands and those explaining basic concepts and their applicability. Syntax elaborations produced significant facilitation for experienced and novice computer users. Concept elaborations produced no reliable improvement.

Subject Categories:

  • Psychology

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE