Accession Number:

ADA159774

Title:

Transportation as an Element of Foreign Policy in Southern Africa or the Ties that Bind

Descriptive Note:

Masters's thesis

Corporate Author:

NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA DEPT OF NATIONAL SECURITY AFFAIRS

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

1985-06-01

Pagination or Media Count:

176.0

Abstract:

This thesis examines the use of transportation as a foreign policy instrument in Southern Africa. Because of its dominant position in the regional transportation network, The Republic of South Africa is the focus of this study. Transportation has been used by the states of Southern Africa as a means of gaining an advantage or leverage over their neighbors to further their own vital interests, economic and political. During the 1970s the South African Railways attempted to use common interests in the creation and maintenance of effective transport organizations to transcend regional political differences and improve interstate relations. This strategy came to be referred to as transport diplomacy. After tracing the evolution of the Southern African transport network and South African foreign policy, this study examines several attempts to use transport to achieve influence over neighboring states in various ways. A framework that distinguishes between positive, negative and neutral influence strategies is developed and an effort is made to identify the prerequisites for effective implementation of each type of strategy. Finally, an argument is made that a distinct association of regional transport organizations has come into being in Southern Africa. Additional keywords Zimbabwe Mozambique International relations South African railway South African Transport Services SATS.

Subject Categories:

  • Government and Political Science

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE