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PHAZR: A Phenomenological Code for Holeboring in Air

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Memorandum rept.

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This report describes a new code for studying holeboring by a charged particle beam, laser, or electric discharge in a gas. The coordinates which parameterize the channel are radial displacement r from the channel axis and distance z along the channel axis from the energy source. The code is primarily phenomenological that is, we use closed solutions of simple models in order to represent many of the effects which are important in holeboring. The numerical simplicity which we gain from the use of these solutions enables us to estimate the structure of channel over long propagation distances while using a minimum of computer time. This feature makes PHAZR a useful code for those studying and designing future systems. Of particular interest is the design and implementation of the subgrid turbulence model required to compute the enhanced channel cooling caused by asymmetry-driven turbulence. The approximate equations of Boris and Picone form the basis of the model which includes the effects of turbulent diffusion and fluid transport on the turbulent field itself as well as on the channel parameters. The primary emphasis here is on charged particle beams, and as an example, we present typical results for an ETA-like beam propagating in air. These calculations demonstrate how PHAZAR may be used to investigate accelerator parameter space and to isolate the important physical parameters which determine the holeboring properties of a given system. The comparison with two-dimensional calculations provide a calibration of the subgrid turbulence model.

Subject Categories:

  • Nuclear Physics and Elementary Particle Physics
  • Plasma Physics and Magnetohydrodynamics

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