Characterization of a New Calicivirus Isolated from Feces of a Dog,
CALIFORNIA UNIV OAKLAND NAVAL BIOSCIENCES LAB
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Canine calicivirus CaCV, isolated from feces of a dog with diarrhea, was readily propagated in cultures of canine cells and in a dolphin cell line. Serologic evidence indicated many dogs in at least one geographic area had been infected with CaCV, but its role as an etiologic agent of disease was not established. In cell culture most CaCV virions were strongly cell- associated making purification difficult. CaCV was established as a member of the Caliciviridae by morphology and physicochemical properties of virions density, sedimentation rate, single major polypeptide, RNA genome size, although some of the properties differed slightly from those of previously described caliciviruses evidence was also obtasined for caliciviral RNA species in infected cells. Based on tests with antisera to numerous caliciviruses evidence was also obtained for caliciviral RNA species in infected cells. Based on tests with antisera to numerous caliciviruses and presumed caliciviruses, CaCV appeared to be not closely related to any previously described virus except the stunting syndrome agent of chickens.