Accession Number:

ADA156316

Title:

Crystallization of Polyetheretherketone (PEEK) in Carbon Fiber Composites.

Descriptive Note:

Interim technical rept.,

Corporate Author:

MASSACHUSETTS UNIV AMHERST MATERIALS RESEARCH LAB

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

1985-04-25

Pagination or Media Count:

27.0

Abstract:

The tendency of carbon fiber to nucleate the crystallization of PEEK has been evaluated by DSC and other techniques. As the carbon fiber content was increased, the supercooling necessary for PEEK crystallization decreased. The repeated melting at 396 C of thhe same PEEK sample results in a decrease of the number of nuclei for crystallization. At equivalent thermal histories, PEEK with carbon fiber was found to have a higher nucleation density than PEEK itself. The surface growth of carbon fiber and nuclei in the PEEK matrix compete for crystallization growth. As the holding time in melt was increased, the number of matrix spherulites formed on cooling decreased, hence a more pronounced transcrystalline region was developed. Correspondingly, the composites preheated in the melt for 100 min. showed about two times the transverse tensile strength and strain-to-failure of those preheated for only 30 min. Corresponding fracture surface produced in tension showed that the former samples had a greater matrix adhesion to the carbon fiber than the latter. A strong interfacial bond is thus developed by crystallization on carbon fiber surface. Destroying nuclei in the PEEK matrix by long preheating enhances crystallization on the carbon fiber.

Subject Categories:

  • Laminates and Composite Materials
  • Crystallography

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE