Special Course on V/STOL Aerodynamics. Addendum,
ADVISORY GROUP FOR AEROSPACE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT NEUILLY-SUR-SEINE (FRANCE)
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A review is undertaken of European jet lift VSTOL, past and present, to illustrate the extent to which the powerplant has affected aircraft layout and consequently the aerodynamic design. Direct comparisons of VSTOL with contemporary conventional layouts are made. The successful Harriers aerodynamic progress is highlighted. Promised engine performance advances are shown to offer more aerodynamic freedoms to VSTOL designs. The jet lift are based on the gas turbine began over thirty years ago, in Europe, with the first flight of the Rolls-Royce Flying Bedstead. Rapid advances in jet engine technology has encouraged the conventional aircraft designer to enter the vertical take-off and landing VTOL arena hitherto the province of the rotorcraft. In these early days, one objective appeared paramount. It was to design for a full load VTO capability. With hindsight, this was possibly the basic reason for the lack of success. Not until vectored thrust with its VSTOL capability appeared and was eventually vindicated, did jet-lift aircraft enter production.
- Jet and Gas Turbine Engines