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The Military Consequences of Military Rule in Sub-Saharan Africa,
ANALYTICAL ASSESSMENTS CORP MARINA DEL REY CA
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This study has sought to shed some light on several of the most significant after-effects of military coups in Sub-Saharan Africa. In doing this, the authors have examined both the governing militarys relations with its own subordinate elements and the governing militarys relationship with the society itself as a whole. The first priority here has been to examine the military consequences of military rule in terms of such things as resource allocation, fostering of professionalism and morale, as well as the provision of adequate military training. Another important aspect of military rule addressed by this study is a determination regarding the effects of military rule on the propensity for a nation to use both external and internal force. The foreign and domestic policies of military juntas are, therefore, addressed. Finally, this study is concluded with an analysis of those instances where the military has returned to power to civilian authorities with some speculation regarding the conditions which are most favorable to such a transition. Section I presents a broad overview of African militaries in general. The basic conclusion of this overview is that, to varying degrees, African militaries are afflicted with a variety of internal divisions and cleavages. These cleavages can be ethnic, tribal, linguistic generational, political andor ideological. Nigeria, Congo-Brazzaville, Uganda, Liberia and Zaire are studied.
APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE