Systems Vulnerability and Lethality in the Development Phase,
ARMY BALLISTIC RESEARCH LAB ABERDEEN PROVING GROUND MD
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Vulnerability is a quantitative measure of the susceptibility of a target structure or material to a given damage mechanism - it is the characteristic of a target which describes its sensitivity to combat damage mechanisms. The systematic description, delineation and quantification of the vulnerability of the individual critical components and of the total target vulnerability is known as a vulnerability assessment. Certain elements of a vulnerability assessment are common to all analyses, regardless of the threat considered. The logic elements of such an assessment are 1 definition of the problem 2 an assembly of the physical and functional descriptions of the target 3 description of the specific threats the target will encounter and their associated damage mechanisms penetration, fire, etc 4 preparation of the target description 5 identification of the critical components and determination of the targets damage-caused failure modes for the selected kill categories in terms of the critical components 6 determination of the conditional probabilities of kill for each critical component and the single shot expected repair times for damaged components and 7 computation of the vulnerability measures for the whole target based upon the selected threat.
- Statistics and Probability