Closely Spaced Independent Parallel Runway Simulation.
FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION TECHNICAL CENTER ATLANTIC CITY NJ
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As an outgrowth of the recommendations of the Industry Task Force on Airport Capacity and Delay Reduction, a simulation of closely spaced independent parallel runway operations under instrument meteorological conditions was conducted at the National Aviation System NAS Simulation Support Facility NSSF of the Federal Aviation Administration Technical Center. The simulation was conducted to determine 1 the impact of reduced runway spacings on the air traffic controllers ability to detect and resolve potential conflicts, and 2 the surveillance sensor accuracy and update rates needed to support closer runway separation. The NSSF environment was configured to simulate a terminal radar control room conducting independent parallel runway operations. Sixteen full-performance-level field controllers with monitor controller experience participated in the simulation as monitor controllers final and local control positions were manned by Technical Center controllers. Six experimental conditions were simulated involving 48 1-hour data gathering experimental runs conducted over a 4-week period. Results indicated safe operations can be conducted at 3,400 feet runway separation provided a surveillance radar of at least a 2-second update rate and 2-milliradin accuracy is used. Some increase in penetrations of the no transgression zone will likely result from this reduction. Author.
- Terminal Flight Facilities
- Air Navigation and Guidance