The Anaerobic Biotransformation of RDX, HMX, and Their Acetylated Derivatives
ARMY NATICK RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CENTER MA
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This report describes studies undertaken to ascertain the fate of hexahydro-1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazine RDXX, its homolog, octahydro-1,3,5,7- tetranitro-1,3,5,7-tetrazocine HMX and their N-acetylated derivatives when subjected to biodegradation by mixed cultures under batch conditions. The nature of the biotransformation products and the mutagenic properties of the products and starting materials have been determined. Microbiological treatment has been proposed for the elimination of pollutants present in effluents from the manufacture of RDX and its cogeners. The data obtained in this study are needed for the development of the proposed process and to make sure that the waste waters receive an adequate treatment to meet environmental standards. Originator-supplied keywords include Munitions, Hazardous wastes, Contamination, Microbiology, Biodegradation, and Microbial reduction.
- Ammunition and Explosives