CARS Temperature Measurements in Sooting, Laminar Diffusion Flames.
Progress rept. 1 Jan 81-30 Jul 84,
UNITED TECHNOLOGIES RESEARCH CENTER EAST HARTFORD CT
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Temperature distributions have been measured in axisymmetric ethylene-air diffusion flames using high spatial resolution coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy. As ethylene flow increased and the flame approached a smoke-point condition, the temperatures attained in the upper part of the flame were reduced by about 300K below the maximum radial temperatures low in the flame. Addition of diluent N2 to ethylene caused a reduction in temperature low in the flame but increased temperature higher in the flame. Maximum temperatures attained in all ethylene flames were between 0.84 and 0.89 of respective adiabatic flame temperatures AFT. The upper temperature of the near-smoke-point flame was only 0.76 of AFT. Results are compared with the generalized flame front model of Mitchell. MIE scattering measurements are also discussed. Brief studies with propane and a nonsooting, CO flame are reported maximum axial and radial temperatures were between 0.84 and 0.87 of AFT. Results indicate the importance of thermal loss from soot radiation, radial transport processes and fuel pyrolysis. Nonluminous radiation and finite reaction rates are other possible factors. The upper luminous part of the highly sooting ethylene flame is likely above the primary flame front and is a soot burnout zone.
- Agricultural Economics