The Effects of Partner Relationship, Resource Availability, Culture, and Collectivist Tendency on Reward Allocation.
Interim technical rept.,
ILLINOIS UNIV AT URBANA DEPT OF PSYCHOLOGY
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Equity theory has been criticized for its lack of generality. This issue was examined by having subjects make monetary allocations to themselves and and a partner in a scenario study. There was a stronger other-serving tendency in allocation between self and parents, than between self and friends or coworkers. When the resource to be divided was unlimited, the orientation toward equality was stronger than when the resource was limited. Chinese, as compared to Americans, were more equal in unlimited resource, non-constant sum situations and more other-serving in limited resource, constant sum situations. The cross-cultural difference of equality orientation was reduced to non-significane when the variance of the dependent variable due to coworker-collectivism was statistically removed. Hence, resource allocation is a function of the individualism-collectivism IC dimension. As predicted, the difference in other-serving orientation was not reduced by the same procedure. The role of the IC construct in understadning social behaviors and cultural differences in such behaviors was discussed.
- Sociology and Law