Electrical and Differential Scanning Calorimetry Studies of Poly(Ethylene Oxide) Complexed with Alkaline Earth Thiocyanates.
Interim technical rept.,
NAVAL ACADEMY ANNAPOLIS MD DEPT OF PHYSICS
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Audio frequency dielectric relaxation measurements and differential scanning calorimetry studies have been performed on polyethylene oxide PEO complexed with calcium and barium thiocyanate. The measurements were performed over the temperature range 5.5-300K. The relaxation spectrum for the complexed material consists of two peaks. The activation enthalpy for the peak corresponding to the gamma relaxation of pure PEO depends upon the size of the dopant cation. The activation enthalpy for the second peak is independent of the nature of the dopant cation and is very similar to that observed for the alpha c relaxation observed in pure PEO. Next, the room temperature electrical conductivity for the complexed materials is much smaller than that for pure PEO and hence very much less than for PEO complexed with alkali metal salts. However, above Tg, the conductivity rises rapidly and is larger for the barium thiocyanate complexed PEO than for the calcium complexed material. Finally, the DSC studies show that an affect of the ions is to shift the glass transition temperature to high temperatures. Author
- Physical Chemistry
- Electricity and Magnetism