Properties of UV-Cured Polyurethane Acrylates: Effect of Polyol Type and Molecular Weight
Interim technical rept.
WISCONSIN UNIV-MADISON DEPT OF CHEMICAL ENGINEERING
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Several families of UV-cured polyurethane acrylates were synthesized and the effects of polyol type and molecular weight on their physical properties were investigated. Increasing polyol molecular weight led to a lower polyol glass transition temperature, a smaller amount of a separate urethane acrylate phase, and a larger chain length between crosslinks. The first two effects were reflected in lower modulus and strength at room temperature while the larger chain length between crosslinks led to higher elongation at break room temperature and lower modulus at high temperatures. The use of different polyols polycarbonate, polytetramethylene oxide, polypropylene oxide, and polycaprolactone primarily affected the room temperature modulus due to differences in the position and breadth of the polyol glass transition. The properties of materials based on isocyanatoethyl methacrylate IEM and toluene diisocyanate-2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate TDI-HEMA were also compared.