National Program for Inspection of Non-Federal Dams. Upper Lake Phipps Dam Number 1 (CT 00109), Dam Number 2 (CT 00110), Cove River Basin, West Haven, Connecticut. Phase I Inspection Report.
CORPS OF ENGINEERS WALTHAM MA NEW ENGLAND DIV
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Upper Lake Phipps is impounded by Dam No. 1, an earth embankment dam with a stone masonry corewall, located at the eastern end of the Lake, and Dam No. 2, a stone masonry, concrete, and earth structure located near the southwest end of the Lake. A low causeway located on the north side of the Lake separates the Lake from a smaller pond. Dam NO. 1 has a top width of 10 feet, a maximum height of 29 feet, and a length of 345 feet. The dam consists of two sections separated by a bedrock knob located near the center of the dam. Dam No. 2 consists of a stone masonry and concrete buttress wall with an upstream earth embankment. The dam has a maximum height of 14 feet and an overall length of 190 feet, including a 20 foot long overflow spillway located at the right end of the dam. The spillway consists of a concrete cap on a stone masonry weir with 2.7 feet of freeboard from spillway crest to the top of Dam No. 2 Dam No. 1 is another 0.3 feet higher. Based on the visual inspection, the dams are judged to be in poor condition. Features that could affect the future integrity of the dams are seepage downstream of Dam No. 1 and through the masonry wall of Dam No. 2 brush and trees present on the crests and slopes of both dams continued erosion and slumping of the upstream slope of both dams deterioration and movement of the masonry portions of Dam No. 2 and the unknown condition or existence of a low level outlet or blowoff line. The Test Flood inflow of 390 cfs results in a routed outflow of 240 cfs and a freeboard from water surface to the top of Dam No. 2 of 0.4 feet.
- Hydrology, Limnology and Potamology
- Civil Engineering