Development of Values and Moral Judgments of West Point Cadets,
MILITARY ACADEMY WEST POINT NY OFFICE OF INSTITUTIONAL RESEARCH
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This report describes the development of personal, social, and moral values, as well as the development of moral judgments in cadets in the Class of 1981. It is the final report of a comprehensive, longitudinal values assessment project initiated in 1977. Cadets were followed over four years, during which time they completed the Rokeach values test, several measures of the relative importance of selected values, and the Scott values test -- all of which measure personal, social, and moral values. They also completed the Defining Issues Test, which measures the type of moral judgement used by cadets. The results identify some values which are characteristically strong and persistent throughout the four years, some which are characteristically given very low priority, some which cadets held strongly at entrance but eroded, and other values which increased in importance. Over the four years, cadets increased in use of principal moral reasoning as measured by the Defining Issues Test. The Discussion attempts to evaluate whether or not the changes are consistent with USMAs norms. The evaluation is mixed some of the changes seem consistent with USMA norms others do not.