Predicting the Strength of Wood-Joist Floors.
Forest Service research paper,
FOREST PRODUCTS LAB MADISON WI
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This study was intended to explore the relationships between strengths at first rupture predicted by linear and nonlinear models for wood-joist floors of a given configuration but having various combinations of joist material properties. The study produced two ways of altering linear models to account for the nonlinear behavior of nails in floors loaded to failure. The strength at first joist failure of 72 floors was analyzed using linear and nonlinear finite-element models and statistical comparisons. The results of the study are presented in two forms. The first is recommended factors by which the predicted failure loads from the linear analysis can be scaled to give failure loads consistent with the nonlinear analysis. The second is recommended substitute nail stiffness which can be used in a linear analysis to predict floor responses with near-equivalent accuracy as provided by a nonlinear analysis. The results presented are specific to the floor design used in this study, but similar techniques could be used to derive equivalent information for other floor designs.
- Wood, Paper and Related Forestry Products
- Numerical Mathematics
- Structural Engineering and Building Technology