Programmatic Life Cycle Environmental Assessment for Smoke/Obscurants. Volume 4. HC Smoke
Environmental assessment rept.
CHEMICAL RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CENTER ABERDEEN PROVING GROUND MD
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HC smoke in pots, grenades, and artillery rounds has been used in military testing and training exercises since the second world war. Research studies conducted to date indicate that HC smoke mix and its combustion products pose significant health hazards to manufacturing personnel and using troops. Therefore, a management plan has been implemented to replace HC smoke with tested, less toxic, noncarcinogenic chemicals. The objective of this report is to compile and review environmental assessment data including environmental impact data on HC smoke along its life cycle usage path from manufacturing to disposal so that mitigating controls may be instituted for the distribution and use of HC smoke until a suitable replacement is implemented into inventory supplies. It is also intended that this programmatic assessment be used and cited in site specific assessments. It has been concluded that the continuous use of present HC inventory stocks should be enforced with such mitigating controls as 1 enforcing the Army directive to mask in the presence of HC smoke 2 closely regulating the deployment of HC smoke on all its installations 3 restricting HC deployment to areas of the installations as far as practically possible from cantonments and other populated areas 4 taking special precautions to protect higher risk individuals such as those highly allergic, children, and the aged and 5 under no circumstances should HC smoke be deployed indoors or in confined quarters.