Mechanisms of Smoke Reduction in the High-Pressure Combustion of Emulsified Fuels. Volume 3. Experimental Measurements and Computer Modeling of Evaporating Emulsified and Neat Fuel Sprays.
Final rept. 29 Sep 80-28 Feb 84,
SOUTHWEST RESEARCH INST SAN ANTONIO TX
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Measurements of drop-size distributions and vaporized fuel concentrations have been combined with a spray model in the comparative study of the evaporation of sprays of emulsified and non-emulsified and non-emulsified neat fuels at elevated temperatures and pressures. The fuel spray was generated by a pressure jet atomizer and was polydisperse the air stream was approximately one-dimensional turbulent flow in a constant area duct. Diagnostic techniques have been adapted or developed which allow rapid measurements of overall drop-size distributions in the presence of evaporation in high-temperature high-pressure air, and also the fuel vapor concentration distribution within sprays. It was concluded that even in conditions of turbulence and high Reynolds number for drop motion relative to the air, some emulsified fuel drops apparently undergo microexplosions. Further, it was determined that the initial atomization quality depends on te air conditions, with better atomization at higher air densities. This implies that spray drop-size measurements performed at atmospheric conditions need to be corrected for air density and temperature effects to predict atomization quality for altitude relight or high-pressure combustion. A spray model has been developed which represents the spray being studied and provides data in a form comparable to the experimental diagnostics.
- Combustion and Ignition