Improved Multi-Target Time Delay Estimation: Matched Filter Approach.
NAVAL UNDERWATER SYSTEMS CENTER NEW LONDON CT NEW LONDON LAB
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This report describes a technique for obtaining unbiased time delay estimates in the presence of interference. The proposed technique utilizes a matched filter concept wherein the anticipated noise-free generalized cross-correlator GCC output between two sensors is matched to the actual received noisy output under a least-mean-square error criterion. Separate unbiased estimates of the target power, target time delay, interference power, interference time delay, and noise power are obtained provided the spectral form of the target and interference are known. The performance of this matched parameter estimator MPE is evaluated analytically and compared to the conventional estimator and to MPE simulation results as a function of signal-to-noise, interference-to-noise, time delay separation, and signal and interference spectra. In addition, a potential bias error resulting from a mismatched MPE is also evaluated. Author
- Numerical Mathematics