Combat System Research Program: Impact on Organizational Climate, Leadership, and Group Process.
NAVY PERSONNEL RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CENTER SAN DIEGO CA
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The purpose of this study was to compare pilot and standard organizations of weapons and operations departments in terms of leadership, organizational climate, and group processes associated with these functional areas to determine which type of organization is better according to these criteria. Four ships with the pilot organizational structure were compared to four control ships with standard weapons and operations organizational structure on a organizational climate, b leadership, c work group processes, d satisfaction, and e integration of men and mission. The data source was information gathered by Human Resource Management Specialist Teams during Human Resource Availability periods. The pilot organization produced better communication and higher integration of men and mission, but was also associated with lower leadership scores. Satisfaction and group processes did not differ for the pilot and standard organizations. The overall impact of the pilot organization may be positive. The apparent negative effects on leadership may occur because the new structural arrangement replaces informal coordination mechanisms with a more formalized coordination which is easier to achieve in departments with homogeneous tasks.
- Administration and Management
- Operations Research