Maximal Power Outputs during the Wingate Anaerobic Test,
ARMY RESEARCH INST OF ENVIRONMENTAL MEDICINE NATICK MA
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The purpose of this study was to determine the resistance settings which elicit maximal values of power output PO values during performance of the Wingate Test WT. Nineteen male subjects performed multiple WT in a random order at resistance settings ranging from 0.055 to 0.115 kgkg BW. Tests were carried out on a Monark cycle ergometer modified to permit instantaneous application of resistance. Revolutions were determined by a computer interfaced frequency counter. The mean resistance settings eliciting the highest peak power PPO and mean power MPO outputs were 0.096 and 0.094 kgkg BW, respectively average setting of 0.095 kgkg BW. Both PPO and MPO were significantly higher 15.5 and 13.0, respectively using a resistance setting of 0.095 compared to the Wingate setting of 0.075 kgkg BW. The test-retest reliability for PPO and MPO ranged between 0.91 and 0.93 at both resistance settings. Body weight, body fat and thigh volume did not significantly estimate the individual resistance settings eliciting maximal POs. The data suggest that resistance be assigned according to the subjects BW but consideration be given to increasing this resistance from that presently used in various laboratories.
- Stress Physiology