SNOW-ONE-A and B Characterization Measurements and Data Analysis.
Environmental research papers,
AIR FORCE GEOPHYSICS LAB HANSCOM AFB MA
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To make realistic estimates of precipitable hydrometeors, meteorological modeling requires valid inter-relationships for the paramerization of mass concentrations, precipitation rates, fall velocities, number densities, etc. In response to these needs, AFGL has initiated a modest effort with objectives of defining such relationships and providing the means to verify model outputs. Measurements documenting the characteristics of naturally falling snow were obtained during the SNOW-ONE-A and SNOW-ONE-B field experiments. These consist of data acquired by three unique instruments a snow-rate meter SRM, a fall-velocity indicator FVI, and a snow-structure recorder SSR. This report describes the results of our participation in these field programs. Snow rates, particle-fall velocities, and snow-crystal information are presented. Correlations between snow rate and electro-optical transmittanceattenuation and mass-concentration measurements are illustrated. Relationships of fall velocity with snow-crystal size from analyzed data are given along with a method of determining fall velocity through knowledge of snow rate and liquid-water content. The data obtained during these two field experiments indicate that it may be possible to define mathematical relationships between precipitation rate and mass concentration and between fall velocity and snowflake size for broad categories of snow types.