A Study of Precipitation Occurrence Using Visual and Infrared Satellite Data.
NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA
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Bi-spectral satellite thresholds for precipitation specification are explored with visual and infrared satellite data collocated with Service-A hourly observations for 137 surface stations in the southeastern United States. The data span the month of August 1979 and total 70,623 observations, including 538 daylight precipitation observations. The distributional and statistical differences of four satellite resolution sizes ranging from 484 to 2025 nmi2 are explored and determined to be significant in the representation of weather conditions. Precipitation and no-precipitation data can be statistically differentiated with the visual and infrared mean and standard deviation values. For overcast ceiling reports, a simple linear bi-spectral threshold based on a 50 probability of precipitation is defined as extending from albedo 1.00 to 0.60 with associated cloud top temperatures 290K and 210K, respectively. For overcast and broken ceiling reports, and albedo greater than 0.80 specifies a 50 probability of precipitation. Author
- Statistics and Probability
- Unmanned Spacecraft