The Soviet Civil Defense Medical Preparedness Program.
SCIENCE APPLICATIONS INC MCLEAN VA CENTER FOR SOVIET STUDIES
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This report describes and analyzes, on the basis of Soviet open source materials, the mission, organization, plans, training, operations, capabilities, and shortcomings of the Soviet Civil Defense Medical Service and its readiness to deal with mass casualties in the event of a nuclear war. The Civil Defense Medical Service incorporates the entire Soviet medical and public health system and all of its personnel and is reinforced by a large number of Volunteer First Aid Squads recruited from the working population and students, elements of the armed forces medical service, and the compulsory instruction of the entire population in first aid. Civil defense instruction is compulsory for all medical students as well as for physicians and middle-level medical personnel. Soviet plans call for the pre-attack relocation of all medical and public health institutions and their personnel from high-risk urban areas to rural areas and the rapid expansion of medical facilities in small towns and rural areas. Soviet plans call for a two-stage medical evacuation system. The first stage will include first aid to casualties by First Aid Squads and the evacuation of the injured to Mobile First Medical Assistance Detachments which will operate in the areas of destruction and provide triage and emergency medical treatment.
- Medicine and Medical Research
- Civil Defense