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Strategic Aspects of Pacific Cooperation Proposals,
OPERATIONAL RESEARCH AND ANALYSIS ESTABLISHMENT OTTAWA (ONTARIO)
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Proposals for the establishment of a Pacific Community comprising the open market economies of East Asia and North America are being put forward by private groups, with some official backing, in Japan, the USA, Australia, and certain Southeast Asian countries. Cultural contrasts, differences in levels of modernization, and long distances, discourage optimism about the prospects for such a grouping, but the economic bonds between Pacific states are substantial, and are growing rapidly. Large communication flows across the Pacific moreover are tending to increase regional awareness and understanding. Involvement in a Pacific Community could bring substantial benefits to the North American states. The growth of economic cooperation within such an association could also have major direct and indirect consequences of defence significance for the USA and Canada. In such a community Japan would be able to play a stronger security role than the one which it has begun to assume in the present pattern of East Asian relations. Moreover, certain authoritarian regimes in East Asia whose domestic policies generate social tensions could be induced to manage their political economies more responsibly, because of the external influences to which they would have to respond.
APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE