Revision and Experimental Verification of the Hazard Assessment Computer System Models for Spreading, Movement, Dissolution, and Dissipation of Insoluble Chemicals Spilled Onto Water. Volume 2. Test Data.
SOUTHWEST RESEARCH INST SAN ANTONIO TX
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Computerized models are developed to predict the spreading, movement, evaporation, and dissolution of floating slicks formed by accidental spills of insoluble chemicals. Separate models are developed for continuous and instantaneous spills. The waterway can be a river, channel, lake, or coastal water. The models emphasize the dynamics of the thick slick i.e., the gravity-viscous spreading phase since the thick slick contains nearly all the spilled chemical and represents the most prolonged hazard. Predictions of the spreading models are compared to results of instantaneous and continuous spill tests conducted in a large laboratory basin and a laboratory channel. The evaporation and dissolution predictions are compared to wind tunnel and wind-wave tunnel tests. Agreement of the models and the tests is generally good.
- Water Pollution and Control