Constitutive Models for Static and Dynamic Response of Geotechnical Materials
Technical Report,01 Oct 1979,30 Sep 1983
NORTHWESTERN UNIV EVANSTON United States
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The objective of this research program has been to develop realistic macroscopic constitutive relations which describe static and dynamic properties of geotechnical materials soils and rocks. To this end a coordinated theoretical and experimental activity has been followed. The theoretical work includes a balanced combination of statistical microscopic at the grain size level modeling and a nonclassical elasto-plastic macroscopic formulation. The latter includes the effects of internal friction, plastic compressibility, and pressure sensitivity, as well as anisotropy which is commonly observed in geotechnical materials. The following specific goals have been sought a to develop three-dimensional constitutive relations under ordinary or high pressures such as those induced by blasting or tectonic forces which may cause a large amount of densification by relative motion and possible crushing of grains and b to examine and characterize the behavior of saturated granular materials under dynamic loading. The latter item includes characterization of possible liquefaction and subsidence which may be induced in granular materials under confining pressure by ground vibration or passage of waves. The theoretical work has been carefully coordinated with key experiments in order to a understand the basic physics of the process, both at macroscopic and microscopic levels b to verify the corresponding theoretical predictions and c to establish relevant material parameters.