Archeological Reconnaissance in the Big Sandy Drainage Basin: An Empirical Approach to Investigating Settlement in East Texas.
Final rept. Oct 80-May 82,
ARCHAEOLOGY INC LAFAYETTE LA
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This reconnaissance investigation was conducted in a portion of the Big Sandy Creek watershed, Wood and Upshur counties, East Texas. Although very few details of the project area were known prior to field work, it was anticipated to have been part of the so-called Caddoan area and to have been occupied primarily by native and Anglo-American folks for some 11,000 years or more. Field work was limited by contract to a 5.18km geographic sample, a fraction amounting to 0.78 percent of the study area. Selection of the sample plots was made by dividing the entire area into potential catchment or noncatchment areas and targeting half the search effort in each kind of area. Potential catchments were identified empirically and were differentiated into horticultural and nonhorticultural. Half the within-catchment transects were run in each of the areas. The research design, strategy, and analysis was based on certain economic models developed by Earle and Christenson, the principle of least effort, and a catchment approach. The empirically defined catchments served to predict site locations and site variability.
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