Hospital Information Systems for Clinical and Research Applications: A Survey of the Issues
NAVAL HEALTH RESEARCH CENTER SAN DIEGO CA
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Comprehensive, high quality health care requires that providers and managers relate all relevant medical knowledge to the needs of individuals in the broadest possible context and in the most coordinated manner possible. Computerized information systems afford powerful means for meeting medical information processing needs. The present report is designed to focus attention of both clinicians and researchers on the salient issues involved in the design and use of an automated medical information system. The literature describing the current state of the art of computer applications in medicine is reviewed, with special emphasis given to a clinical as opposed to administrative applications of health care systems, b assessment of information needs and research issues, and c design and implementation issues, including methods of data capture, database security, and costs. The report concludes with a brief examination of future directions and policy recommendations for medical information systems.
- Medicine and Medical Research