Prediction of Total Electron Content Using the International Reference Ionosphere.
Final technical rept.,
AIR FORCE GEOPHYSICS LAB HANSCOM AFB MA
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The International Reference Ionosphere IRI is a model of the ionosphere, based on experimental data, that has been proposed as a standard ionospheric model. As such, it should be tested extensively to determine its range of validity. One of the ways in which the electron density profile given by the IRI, especially above the peak of the F layer, can be tested is to compare calculated and observed values of total electron content TEC. We have therefore studied the discrepancies between calculated and observed values of TEC recorded at 15 stations covering a wide range of longitudes and latitudes mainly in the northern hemisphere, and mainly for high levels of solar activity. We have found that the IRI produces reasonably accurate values of TEC at mid- and high-latitudes, but that if greatly underestimates the daytime values of TEC at low latitudes. We conclude therefore that the daytime electron density profile given by the IRI is reasonably accurate at mid- and high-latitudes at least above the peak of the F2 layer. The situation at low latitudes clearly requires more work, and we have suggested two possible lines of study. The generally low discrepancies at night indicate that the nighttime electron density profiles given by the IRI correspond fairly closely to the actual profiles. Author
- Atmospheric Physics